, The official university mascot is Oski the Bear, who debuted in 1941. The festival later included high school musicians. More recently, alumni and their foundations have given generously to the university for core operations and capital expenditures, with major contributions from, among many others, the Haas, Goldman, and Koshland families; Sanford Diller (Class of '48) and Helen Diller ('50), over $250 million; Gordon Moore (BS 1950, over $118 million); the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (Flora Lamson Hewlett, BS 1935, a total of $150 million, most notably a $113-million gift in 2007); William V. Power (Class of 1930); the Simons family—over $110 million from James Harris Simons (PhD 1961 — multiple gifts, including $60 million to establish the Simons Institute), Mark Heising and Elizabeth Simons (both alums, over $30 million), and Nathaniel Simons (BA, MA) and Laura Baxter-Simons (BA, MA); F. Warren Hellman (BA); Donald Fisher (Class of '51) and Doris Fisher; Laura and Stephen D. Bechtel Sr. (both Class of 1923); Sehat Sutardja (MS, PhD) and Weili Dai (BS); Gerson Bakar (BS); Edward and Carol Spieker (both of the Class of '66); Pehong Chen (PhD); Cornelius Vander Starr (attendee); Paul E. Jacobs (BS, MS, PhD); Richard C. Blum (BS); Michael Milken (BS), Lowell Milken (BS); Terry Rosen (PhD 1985); and Kevin Chou (BS 2002).  Twenty-seven percent of admitted students receive federal Pell grants. Unlock entering class stats including SAT scores and GPAs. Further away and also on the south side of campus is Clark Kerr, an undergraduate residential complex that houses many student athletes and was once a school for the deaf and blind.  Another Xerox PARC researcher, Charles Simonyi (BS 1972), pioneered the first WYSIWIG word processor program and was recruited personally by Bill Gates to join the fledgling company known as Microsoft to create Microsoft Word. Berkeley's FM Student radio station, KALX, broadcasts on 90.7 MHz. Learn how to explore all of your options. , In 1952, the University of California reorganized itself into a system of semi-autonomous campuses, with each campus given its own chancellor, and Clark Kerr became Berkeley's first Chancellor, while Sproul remained in place as the President of the University of California. Computer and Information Sciences and Support Services. independently verified.  Along with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley founded and was then a partner in managing two other labs, Los Alamos National Laboratory (1943) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1952). Bone); Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (John A. McCone, BS); chair and members of the Council of Economic Advisors (Michael Boskin, BA, PhD. University of California - Berkeley competes in the NCAA I (Pac-12) and performs on and off the field. Berkeley Consulting, founded in 1996, has served over 140 companies across the high-tech, retail, banking, and non-profit sectors.. Berkeley's student-run online television station, CalTV, was formed in 2005 and broadcasts online. These reviews  The campus is also home to the University of California Botanical Garden, one of the most diverse plant collections in the United States, famous for its large number of rare and endangered species, with more than 12,000 individual species.  The university has been accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges Senior College and University Commission since 1949.  The winner was Frenchman Émile Bénard, however he refused to personally supervise the implementation of his plan and the task was subsequently given to architecture professor John Galen Howard. Berkeley alumni, faculty and staff have distinguished themselves in a wide range of endeavors and include 110 Nobel laureates (34 alumni), 25 Turing Award winners (11 alumni), 14 Fields Medalists, 28 Wolf Prize winners, 103 MacArthur Fellows (62 alumni) , 30 Pulitzer Prize recipients, 19 Academy Award winners, five foreign heads of state, chief justices of the United States and California, 21 cabinet members, ten state governors, numerous members of Congress, 36 general and flag officers of the United States Armed Forces, 40 billionaires, and the founders or co-founders of many world-renowned companies. ", History of the University of California, Berkeley, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, Western Association of Schools and Colleges, United States National Research Council Rankings, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships, Research centers and laboratories at UC Berkeley, List of Nobel laureates associated with University of California, Berkeley, University of California Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley Library System, Center for Measuring University Performance, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Berkeley UNIX/Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, List of companies founded by UC Berkeley alumni, Campus of the University of California, Berkeley, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Housing at the University of California, Berkeley, Associated Students of the University of California, Chairperson of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, List of University of California, Berkeley faculty, List of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, List of University of California, Berkeley alumni, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, United States Secretary of Transportation, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, "Annual Endowment Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2019", "University of California Annual Financial Report 18/19", "Trademark Use Guidelines and Requirements", "By the numbers | University of California, Berkeley", "University of California, Berkeley Common Data Set 2019–2020", "CWUR 2020-2021 | Top Universities in the World", "More billionaires went to Harvard than to Stanford, MIT and Yale combined", "Where MacArthur 'Geniuses' Went to College", "In startup sweepstakes, it's Cal vs. Stanford", "UC Berkeley third-largest producer of entrepreneurs, report says | The Daily Californian", "The University Entrepreneurship Report – Alumni of Top Universities Rake in $12.6 Billion Across 559 Deals", "The list of top schools for producing tech entrepreneurs shows how clubby Silicon Valley really is", "Innovation and Entrepreneurship | Research UC Berkeley", "A brief history of the University of California", "A History of Women at Cal | Campus Climate, Community Engagement & Transformation", "The Centennial of The University of California, 1868–1968", "University of California History Digital Archives", "University of California History Digital Archives: Los Angeles General History", "U.S.  The university operates on a semester calendar and awarded 8,725 bachelor's, 3,286 master's or professional and 1,272 Doctoral degrees in 2018–2019.. Opsware was cofounded by In Sik Rhee (BS EECS 1993).  However, the athletic department has recently specified a darker blue, close to but not the same as the Berkeley Blue now used by the university. Across all areas of study, University of California - Berkeley awarded 9,627 undergraduate degrees in 2018 - 2019 . Berkeley is most known for EECS or business, but it has the highest-placed sociology department in all of the U.S. as well. Former undergraduates have participated in the contemporary music industry, such as Grateful Dead bass guitarist Phil Lesh, The Police drummer Stewart Copeland, Rolling Stone Magazine founder Jann Wenner, The Bangles lead singer Susanna Hoffs (BA 1980), Counting Crows lead singer Adam Duritz, electronic music producer Giraffage, MTV correspondent Suchin Pak (BA 1997), AFI musicians Davey Havok and Jade Puget (BA 1996), and solo artist Marié Digby (Say It Again). The next few years saw the dedication of the Center for Biomedical and Health Sciences, funded by a lead gift from billionaire Li Ka-shing; the opening of Sutardja Dai Hall, home of the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society; and the unveiling of Blum Hall, housing the Blum Center for Developing Economies. People Magazine included Third Eye Blind lead singer and songwriter Stephan Jenkins (BA 1987) in the magazine's list of 50 Most Beautiful People..  Notable BCS alumni include Norman Mineta, Steve Wozniak, Gordon Moore, Nathan Huggins, Marion Nestle, and Beverly Cleary. , Berkeley gained a worldwide reputation for political activism in the 1960s. The south fork enters a culvert upstream of the recreational complex at the mouth of Strawberry Canyon and passes beneath California Memorial Stadium before appearing again in Faculty Glade.  Novelist Robert Penn Warren (MA 1927) won three Pulitzer Prizes, including one for his novel All the King's Men, which was later made into an Academy Award-winning movie.  Berkeley has often been cited as one of the universities that have produced most entrepreneurs, and boasts its own startup incubator, Berkeley SkyDeck. the Best Colleges rankings. Cal students and alumni have also won 207 Olympic medals. Berkeley is well known as a hub of liberal student activism: The Free Speech Movement – a 1964 student protest at Berkeley in response to the administration’s ban on political activity – gained widespread attention. Also at Xerox PARC was Ronald V. Schmidt (BS 1966, MS 1968, PhD 1971), who became known as "the man who brought Ethernet to the masses". There are at least 29 living alumni billionaires: Gordon Moore (Intel founder), James Harris Simons (Renaissance Technologies), Masayoshi Son (SoftBank), Jon Stryker (Stryker Medical Equipment), Eric Schmidt (former Google Chairman) and Wendy Schmidt, Michael Milken, Bassam Alghanim, Kutayba Alghanim, Charles Simonyi (Microsoft), Cher Wang (HTC), Robert Haas (Levi Strauss & Co.), Carlos Rodriguez-Pastor (Interbank, Peru), Fayez Sarofim, Daniel S. Loeb, Paul Merage, David Hindawi, Orion Hindawi, Bill Joy (computer programmer and Sun Microsystems founder), Victor Koo, Lowell Milken, Nathaniel Simons and Laura Baxter-Simons, Elizabeth Simons and Mark Heising, Oleg Tinkov, Liong Tek Kwee (BS 1968), Liong Seen Kwee (BS 1974) and Alice Schwartz. Alumni have also participated in the world of sports. First used in the 1963 Big Game, it was originally placed on the sidelines before moving to Tightwad Hill in 1971. Randi Mayem Singer (BA 1979) wrote the screenplay for Mrs. Doubtfire, which starred Oscar-winning actor Robin Williams and Oscar-winning actress Sally Field. L. Peter Deutsch is profiled on pages 30, 31, 43, 53, 54, 66 (which mentions Deutsch beginning his freshman year at Berkeley), and page 87 in the following book: L. Peter Deutsch is profiled in pages 69, 70–72, 118, 146, 227, 230, 280, 399 of the following book: Pei-Yuan Wei's contributions are profiled on pages 56, 64, 68, and 83, in the, "General Walton H. Walker had ordered her out of, Freida Lee Mock (BA 1961) won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 1995 for, Charles H. Ferguson (BA 1978) won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 2011 for, "The six medals she won are the most by an American woman in any sport, breaking the record she tied four years ago.  Narendra Karmarkar (PhD 1983) is known for the interior point method, a polynomial algorithm for linear programming known as Karmarkar's algorithm.  There are 1,629 full-time and 896 part-time faculty members among more than 130 academic departments and more than 80 interdisciplinary research units.  The university began admitting women the following year. the most autonomous student government at any university in the U.S. due to its independent funding model, level of university involvement and resources. and others who can provide additional insight into  Berkeley doctoral programs that received a #1 ranking include Agricultural and Resource Economics, Astrophysics, Chemistry, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computer Science, English, Epidemiology, Geography, German, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Genomics, and Development, Physics, Plant Biology, and Political Science. Berkeley students are offered a variety of housing options, including university-owned or affiliated residences, private residences, fraternities and sororities, and cooperative housing (co-ops). From a collection of one thousand books in 1868—the year the University of California was established—the Library has grown into one of the world's great research collections, with over ten million volumes. )", "Athletics Brand Identity Guidelines: Color", "2007–08 Fall U.S. Sports Academy Directors' Cup standings", "Big Splash + Big Kick: Cal vs. Stanford in Men's Water Polo and Men's Soccer", "Sigrun Corrigan, Bay Area arts patron, dies", "12.06.2004 – Renowned mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern, who revitalized the study of geometry, has died at 93 in Tianjin, China", "Berkeley Lab History – 75 Years of World-Class Science", "Gilbert Newton Lewis | Lemelson-MIT Program", "University of California: In Memoriam, March 1976", "Janet Yellen | Faculty Directory | Berkeley-Haas", "Faculty profiles | Department of Economics", "Harvey Itano dies at 89; researcher whose studies provided a breakthrough on sickle cell disease", "Channeling Ada Lovelace: Chien-Shiung Wu, Courageous Hero of Physics", "Kary Mullis—Nobel Laureate for Procedure to Replicate DNA", "Peter Smith Named Thomas R. Brown Distinguished Chair in Integrative Science", "NASA Spacecraft Confirms Martian Water, Mission Extended", "A UC Berkeley Degree Is Now the Apple of Steve Wozniak's Eye", "Intel chairman awarded UC Berkeley's highest honor at Silicon Valley tribute", "Cal mourns passing of Brian Maxwell, former coach, runner, PowerBar founder, and philanthropist", "Acoustical Society of America Gold Medal Award – 1979 Richard Henry Bolt", "A Symposium on Intellectual Property and Entrepreneurship March 7–8, 2008 – Speakers", "With Smartphones, Cher Wang Made Her Own Fortune", "Dedication of new CITRIS headquarters marks new stage of innovation to help fuel economic growth", "Moradzadeh and Silberman Maintain High-Tech, No-Pomp Practice", "Berkeley Scharffen Berger Factory to Close", "Business People: Ungermann-Bass Chairman Finds a Merger He Likes", "Larry L. Hillblom, 52, Founder Of DHL Worldwide Express", "Haas Alumnus Maps the Future at Google Earth", "2009 Goff Smith Lecture: Bill Joy, The Promise of Green Technologies", "University of California Berkeley, Haas School of Business – John Riccitiello, BS 81", "Eric Schmidt Searches and Finds Success (Again)", "BSD Unix: Power to the people, from the code", "Charles Thacker wins Turing Award, computing's 'Nobel prize, "Sound Bytes; On Building a Better Highway", "The unknown hackers – Open-source pioneers Bill and Lynne Jolitz may be the most famous programmers you've never heard of", "eXperimental Computer Facility's proud present and impressive past", "Journalism School Alumna Part Of Pulitzer-Prize Winning Staff", "Behind the Lens – Extended Interviews with POV Filmmakers", "Oscars 2011: Inside Job banks best documentary award", "UC Berkeley Professor Mixes Sound for Award Winning Films", "Beaver County native wins fourth Oscar for visual effects", "Television Program Faculty and Lecturers", "Asian Hall of Fame – Induction Ceremony", "Colon Cancer Claims Veteran Journalist Leroy Sievers", "MegaMetro NewsCenter Story Archives June–August 2000", "SuChin Pak Biography – Reporter, Host and Interviewer – MTV News", "Michele Tafoya – ESPN's Monday Night Football Sideline Reporter; Play-By-Play and Sideline Commentator", "Publicity Shy Tycoon Forging Modern Peru Amid Expanding Economy", "Democratic Donor Built up Vast $8bn Private Wealth Fund in Bermuda", "Cal's new stadium renovation leaves school with huge debt to pay off", "U.S. Department of Education Releases List of Higher Education Institutions with Open Title IX Sexual Violence Investigations", "Disturbing details of sexual harassment scandal at UC Berkeley revealed in files", "UC Berkeley and four other schools removed from Best Colleges list for misreporting statistics", Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory, International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU), Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology, Jesuit School of Theology of Santa Clara University, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=University_of_California,_Berkeley&oldid=991870965, Public universities and colleges in California, Universities and colleges in Alameda County, California, Educational institutions established in 1868, Flagship universities in the United States, Schools accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, UC Berkeley Extension (currently has three locations in downtown.  Both men and women are allowed to fulfill the role, despite the name.Overlooking the main Berkeley campus from the foothills in the east, The Big "C" is an important symbol of California school spirit. The entertainment industry draws many students to UC… Then known as Bleacher Stunts, they were first performed during the 1910 Big Game and consisted of two stunts: a picture of the Stanford Axe and a large blue "C" on a white background. For Fall 2019, Berkeley's total enrollment was 43,695: 31,780 undergraduate and 11,915 graduate students, with women accounting for 54 percent of undergraduates and 46 percent of graduate and professional students. , Berkeley students also run a number of consulting groups, including the Berkeley Group, founded in 2003 and affiliated with the Haas School. The university's academic enterprise is organized into 14 colleges and schools, which, in turn, comprise 180 departments and 80 interdisciplinary units offering over 350 degree programs. It is not to be confused with, Public research university in California, United States, "DeCal" redirects here. 1. In 2014, Berkeley and its sister campus, UCSF, established the Innovative Genomics Institute, and, in 2020, an anonymous donor pledged $252 million to help fund a new center for computing and data science. do their own research At this school, 27% of the students live UC Berkeley has an acceptance rate of about 17%, while UCLA’s acceptance rate is 18%. Zilog was cofounded by Ralph Ungermannn (BSEE 1964). Foreign alumni include the President of Colombia 1922–1926, (Pedro Nel Ospina Vázquez, BA, Mining Engineering); the President of Mexico (Francisco I. Madero, attended 1892–93); the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan; the Premier of the Republic of China (Sun Fo, BA); the President of Costa Rica (Miguel Angel Rodriguez, MA, PhD); and members of parliament of the United Kingdom (House of Lords, Lydia Dunn, Baroness Dunn, BS), India (Rajya Sabha, the upper house, Prithviraj Chavan, MS); Iran (Mohammad Javad Larijani, PhD); Nigerian Minister of Science and Technology and first Executive Governor of Abia State (Ogbonnaya Onu, PhD Chemical Engineering); Barbados' Ambassador to brazil (Tonika Sealy-Thompson). , In 1917, one of the nation's first ROTC programs was established at Berkeley and its School of Military Aeronautics began training pilots, including Gen. Jimmy Doolittle. Physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. with a gender distribution of 46% male students Undergraduate alumni have founded or cofounded such companies as Apple Computer, Intel, LSI Logic The Gap, MySpace, PowerBar, Berkeley Systems, Bolt, Beranek and Newman (which created a number of underlying technologies that govern the Internet), Chez Panisse, GrandCentral (known now as Google Voice), HTC Corporation, VIA Technologies, Marvell Technology Group, MoveOn.org, Opsware, RedOctane, Rimon Law P.C., SanDisk, Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker, VMware and Zilog, while graduate school alumni have cofounded companies such as DHL, KeyHole Inc (known now as Google Earth), Sun Microsystems, and The Learning Company. Tennis athlete Helen Wills Moody (BA 1925) won 31 Grand Slam titles, including eight singles titles at Wimbledon. The campus also offers resources for innovation and entrepreneurship, such as the Big Ideas Competition (Blum Center for Developing Economies), SkyDeck, the Sutardja Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology, and the Berkeley Haas Innovation Lab. Immediately to the north is a quiet residential neighborhood known as Northside with a large graduate student population; situated north of that are the upscale residential neighborhoods of the Berkeley Hills.  The Chairman of the Rally Committee holds the title "Custodian of the Axe" while it is in the Committee's care. UC Berkeley, also known as Cal, is the flagship UC school. Founded in 1964, SUPERB's programming includes the Friday Film Series, free Noon Concerts on Lower Sproul Plaza, Comedy Competitions, Poker Tournaments, free Sneak Previews of upcoming movies, and more. Surrounding campus are recognizable neighborhoods such as Bel Air, Brentwood, and Beverly Hills.  Kary Mullis (PhD 1973) was awarded the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in developing the polymerase chain reaction, a method for amplifying DNA sequences. , The California Golden Bears have a long history of excellence in athletics, having won national titles in football, men's basketball, baseball, softball, men's and women's crew, men's gymnastics, men's tennis, men's and women's swimming, men's water polo, men's Judo, men's track, and men's rugby. Alumni collectively have won at least twenty-five Pulitzer Prizes. , Twenty-five presidents and chancellors have led Berkeley since its founding.. , Berkeley students are eligible for a variety of public and private financial aid. , Berkeley's 32 libraries together contain more than 13 million volumes and cover over 12 acres (4.9 ha) of land, forming one of the largest library complexes in the world.  The acceptance rate for freshmen was 16.8 percent. Just south of Foothill, overlooking the Hearst Greek Theatre, is the all-women's traditional-style Stern Hall, which boasts an original mural by Diego Rivera. Berkeley alumni—often generous benefactors—have long been among the billionaire ranks, their largess giving rise to many of the campus' eponymous schools, pavilions, centers, institutes, and halls, and with some of the more prominent being J. Paul Getty, Ann Getty, Sanford Diller and Helen Diller, Donald Fisher, Flora Lamson Hewlett, David Schwartz (Bio-Rad) and members of the Haas (Walter A. Haas, Rhoda Haas Goldman, Walter A. Haas Jr., Peter E. Haas, Bob Haas), Hearst, and Bechtel families. Berkeley's independent student-run newspaper is The Daily Californian. , In 1982, the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) was established on campus with support from the National Science Foundation and at the request of three Berkeley mathematicians — Shiing-Shen Chern, Calvin Moore and Isadore M. Singer. Berkeley Law School is a Prince of a law school. Foothill is a co-ed, suite-style hall reminiscent of a Swiss chalet. The north fork appears just east of University House and runs through the glade north of the Valley Life Sciences Building, the original site of the Campus Arboretum. , Although the University of California system does not have an official flagship campus, many scholars and experts consider Berkeley to be its unofficial flagship. campus security and/or law enforcement authorities, not necessarily to choose the best tax-advantaged college investment account for you. Journalist Alexandra Berzon (MA 2006) won a Pulitzer Prize in 2009, and journalist Matt Richtel (BA 1989), who also coauthors the comic strip Rudy Park under the pen name of "Theron Heir", won the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting. Campus safety data were Steve Wozniak, BS 1986, cofounder of Apple Inc. Gordon Moore, BS 1950, cofounder of semiconductor company Intel, Eric Schmidt, MS 1979, PhD 1982, Executive Chairman of Alphabet, Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown, Jr, BA 1961, Governor of California, former California Attorney General, Gregory Peck, BA 1939, Academy Award-winning actor, Natalie Coughlin, BA 2005, multiple gold medal-winning Olympic swimmer, Haakon Magnus, Crown Prince of Norway, BA 1999, Robert McNamara, BA 1937, President of World Bank (1968–81), United States Secretary of Defense (1961–68), President of Ford Motor Company (1960), Daniel Kahneman, PhD 1961, awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics for his work in Prospect theory, Harold Urey, PhD 1923, Nobel laureate and discoverer of deuterium. Karen Grassle (BA 1965) played the mother Caroline Ingalls in Little House on the Prairie, Jerry Mathers (BA 1974) starred in Leave it to Beaver, and Roxann Dawson (BA 1980) portrayed B'Elanna Torres on Star Trek: Voyager.
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