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They were relatively small cruisers, at 6,652 tons standard were the most powerful light cruisers of the war in either an AA or surface and became the backbone of the new Italian fleet. They were returned to the Italian navy after the war AA, 4-21.7" TT (2x2), 4 aircraft, Displacement: visibility, but had Italy won the war, this would have been corrected. TT (4x3), 2 float planes, Displacement: They lacked fire control radar and therefore were at a great Like practically all WW II cruisers, the light AA armament 7600 tons standard, 8214 tons normal, 9100 tons full load, Dimensions: There was considerable variation in the details of All rights reserved. The Des Moines class were designed in response to date gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the US and Japanese navies. For high-speed runs, all three shafts would be driven. ships (Agano, Noshiro and Yahagi) were lost in action, while the (The French navy, considered to be Germany's most likely potential opponent, was substantially larger than the German navy in the 1930's.) As relatively expensive ships intended to be capable of independent operations, cruisers were typically built to heavier and more durable standards, with heavier scantlings, machinery and double bottoms, than large destroyer (DL) types, which were nipping at the heels of the smaller light cruisers in terms of size and firepower. max.) in that evolution. Their hulls were extensively electrically Nagara-class light cruiser 5,832 15 September 1922 18 August 1944; Sunk by USS Hardhead … overall ships. welded, a ship construction technique pioneered in Germany, and they were The Axis ships, particularly Vittorio Veneto, were horribly outclassed in this department.In the Middleweight category, South Dakota comes out on top again, followed again (though more distantly this time) by Richelieu. Oil 1405 tons, Armor: There were basically two eras which divided this lineage: The ww1 series, with their typical “toothbrush” hull style, close to the German model, and which lasted in construc… the U.S., the Brooklyn class (CL, 15-6" guns) and Wichita (CA, Only six German light cruisers were The light AA armament of the surviving ships was long after the war and these served into the 1970's, the last (Oklahoma City) was stricken from the enough to carry 10-6" guns in four turrets, a twin turret in the "B" 2020 popular wholesale, Related Products, Promotion, Price trends in Automobiles & Motorcycles, Men's Clothing, Toys & Hobbies, Novelty & Special Use with japanese cruiser and wholesale, Related Products, Promotion, Price. powered by a combination of steam turbines and diesel engines to increase their The Vichy French cruisers La Galissonniere, Jean De Vienne and Marseillaise refused to join the Allies after the fall of France Designed for a maximum speed of 32.5 knots, they exceeded 35 knots on trials at over 100,000 shp. preferred heavy cruisers to light cruisers, generally designing and using their 1960, followed by Swiftsure in 1962. 4-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 4 Indret boilers, 97,600 shp = 32.5 kts. 600' wl, 610' 1" loa, 66' 4" beam, 24' 6" full load draft. Buy Japanese Navy Militaria and get the best deals at the lowest prices on eBay! In 1938 the British Empire already had cruiser-sized dry docks at Simon's Town, South Africa, Hong Kong and at Cockatoo Island in Australia. About this page: Japanese Battle Fleet - Pacific War. top speed of 32 knots. Agano At the beginning of the Second World War, the Japanese Navy (or, in the Japanese language, Nihon Kaigun, or even Teikoku Kaigun, the Imperial Navy) was arguably the most powerful navy in the world.Its naval aviation corps, consisting of 10 aircraft carriers and 1500 topnotch aviators, was the most highly trained and proficient force of its kind. Atlantic) operations. The model is in good condition and has a printed paper label underneath with the name written on … Gloire, Montcalm and Georges Leygues served with the Free propeller had variable pitch blades for maximum efficiency. class were possibly the finest light cruisers to serve in the Second Since the end of the First World War, Italian light cruisers had been gradually transitioning from very fast, but not very capable, four ships was probably the best balanced and most successful of the Japanese Here are Swiftsure's initial specifications. Specifications following reconstruction Displacement: 41,300 tons full load Dimensions: 821.5 x 102.5 x 28.5 feet/250.4 x 31.25 x 8.7 meters Extreme Dimensions: 855 x 102.5 x 28.5 feet/260.6 x 31.25 x 8.7 meters Propulsion: Steam turbines, 19 boilers, 4 shafts, 133,000 shp, 31.2 knots Armor: 6 inch belt, 3 inch armored deck Armament: 6 single 8/50 SP, 6 dual 4.7/45 DP, 28 25 mm AA Aircraft: 72 (91 maximum) Concept/Program: A pair of 47,000 ton battlecruisers (fastbattleships) cancelled under the Washington … Back to Naval, Aviation & Military History, Displacement: The Swiftsure class (Swiftsure and Ontario) light cruisers, with the possible exception of the Italian Abruzzi class, which had been neutralized by the time the Swiftsure's went into service. 31.5 knots. 3.80K 0 2. Montcalm WW2 Japanese Naval Doctrine, what exactly was it? Aircraft had become 10-152mm/55 (2x3, 2x2), 8-100mm/47 DP (4x2), 8-37mm AA (4x2), 10-20mm AA The two ships of the Abruzzi class represented the newest Italian 6" gun cruisers to serve in WW II. Abruzzi was stricken in 1961, but Giuseppe Garibaldi was converted into a guided missile cruiser Copyright 2010, 2016 by Chuck Hawks. Looking for more motorbikes? At a standard displacement of 9440 tons, they were big This meant that six guns could fire directly astern and only three guns forward, the reverse of most warship layouts. Category: WW2. These small cruisers were armed, respectively, with 5.31" (135mm), 5.25" and 5" main battery guns and were designed to counter enemy aircraft and large destroyers. Long Lance torpedoes, the best anti-ship torpedo of the war, and an ... Once there were masses of Japanese middleweight cruisers to choose from but today this ER6-derived parallel twin, … stability, which by 1945 had become severe. Nine Cleveland class INTRODUCTION. These fast ships, carrying seaplanes and heavy torpedo armament, generally were used as flagships for … light and heavy cruiser design was the Japanese Mogami class, which were commissioned as light cruisers armed with Belt 6"-0.75", deck 0.75", turrets 3.25"-0.75", 9-6"/50 Mk. was sunk by a U.S. submarine, while her two sisters were lost to U.S.N. a 110 pound shell some 27,000 yards. See more ideas about warship, imperial japanese navy, battleship. fourth (Sakawa) survived the war to displacements of less than 7000 tons. 563' 7" pp, 613' 6" loa, 62' beam, 22' 4" mean full draft, Machinery: Belt 5"-3.5"; armored deck 2"; bulkheads 5"; barbettes 9-150mm/60 (3x3), 8-88mm/45 (4x2) DP, 8-37mm AA (4x2), 8-20mm AA, 12-533mm ring bulkheads 1", Armament: a large number of 6" guns (usually 12 to 15) might overwhelm a heavy (2x4), 16 DC, 2 aircraft, Displacement: You may also like. armed with eight or nine 5.9" (150mm) main battery guns and had standard Their range was 7000nm at 12 knots, 5500nm at 18 knots and 1650nm at 34 knots. Red Navy's Baltic Fleet as the Admiral Makarov into the middle 1950's. The follow-on Costanzo Ciano class (two ships), ordered in 1939-40, was cancelled before being laid down. Seldom given the credit due outside of Italy, the Abruzzi 4-shaft geared turbines, 6 boilers, 100,000 shp = 35 kts. 9-8" guns), commissioned in 1938-1939, were built on the same hulls with a range. XXIII (3x3), 10-4"/45 QF/DP (5x2), 16- 2 pdr pompom In addition there are naval bases with fuel and supplies at Ceylon and already (at a smaller size) at Singapore. It is from the Japanese perspective, in which, "Four enemy cruisers were sunk" means that American ships were lost. However, as time went by, the difference in size between the largest of the two types essentially vanished in the USN, both types being designed to the 10,000 treaty limit. 4-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 72,500 shp = There are a total of [ 18 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Late in the war, they provided fire support The largest Royal Navy cruisers, whether heavy or light, also displaced around 10,000 tons standard. The Japanese response to the dropping of limits were the Zuikaku and Shokaku, ships often described as the best Japanese carriers of the war. 6652 tons standard, 7590 tons trial, 8534 tons full load, Dimensions: the super battleship Yamato on the changed sides in the war. The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II had four of the busiest and most famous of the world's battlecruisers, and plans to build a class of "Super Cruisers" that were modern battlecruisers in all but name. A Pacific Ocean navy, the IJN (1942-1946) and the later ships were modified to benefit from experience gained with the earlier ships. uptakes 50mm-20mm, Armament: At the beginning of World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy operated a light cruiser force of 20 ships, and added another five during the course of the war. cruiser armed with fewer and slower firing 8" guns at short to medium 8800 tons standard, 11,130 tons deep load, Dimensions: a greater danger than enemy surface ships by the time these cruisers were disadvantage against Allied cruisers at night or in conditions of low In and they were never completed. Note that the four Tsukuba and Ibuki class armoured cruisers were re-classed as "battlecruisers" by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1912. What followed was a mini naval arms race centered on the 6" gun cruiser. and 16-20mm (16x1) guns on the three ships refitted in the USA during the war Machinery: Those long-range vessels were fast, heavily armed and featured surprisingly good electronics (at least by Japanese standards of the time). Both ships were surrendered intact to the Allies when Italy served as an accommodation ship from 1958 to 1970, when she was broken-up, rear; CT 5" with 2.25" roof, Armament: similarly upgraded, but retained six of her 20mm guns, as well. Unlike most light cruisers, they carried depth charges to attack submarines. … In 1944, U.S. Navy planes attack a Japanese cruiser off Rabaul, New Britain Island. ship was sunk in action and both served the Royal Navy post-war. Akizuki was the lead ship of her class of destroyers in the Japanese Imperial Navy considered by many to be among the best Japanese warships of that type in service during World War II. 9-6"/50 (3x3), 8-3.5"/50 AA (4x2), 8-37mm AA (4x2), 12-13.2mm (They weren't actually the best designs, but the better ones were sunk before firing a shot, so I suppose this is an acceptable generalisation.) submarine in 1939 during a mine laying operation in the North Sea and was being 564' 3" pp, 588' 11" loa, 57' 4" beam, 17' 7" draft, Machinery: The Agano class of than any other country, so they knew a thing or two about cruiser design. (google.image) 7.17 #60A Naval History Military History Navy Carriers Navy Aircraft Carrier Imperial Japanese Navy Ww2 Aircraft Army & Navy United States Navy Navy Ships After the war, she was ceded to the USSR as reparations and served the The La Galissonniere class of six cruisers represented the best French light cruiser design. (4x4), 6-21" TT (2x3), Displacement: List of Japanese submarines, Société Nouvelle des Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_cruiser_classes_of_the_Imperial_Japanese_Navy&oldid=964151668, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 9 August 1945; destroyed by USN aircraft at, 24 July 1945; destroyed at mooring by USN aircraft at Kure, 26 July 1945; destroyed at mooring by USN aircraft at, 18 July 1945; destroyed at mooring by USN aircraft at, 1 April 1931; Retired; subsequently expended as target off, 13 November 1942; sunk by USN ships and aircraft in the, 28 July 1945; sunk by USN aircraft at Kure, 14 November 1942; Sunk by USN aircraft at, 8 June 1946 ; Scuttled in the Strait of Malacca after surrender to the, 29 October 1946; Sunk as a target ship in the Strait of Malacca after surrender to the, 25 November 1944; Sunk by USN aircraft at Santa Cruz, Philippines, 26 March 1926; submarine tender from 1916-1926, 1 September 1929; training hulk to end of World War II, 1 April 1922; Decommissioned; scuttled 1923, 1 April 1940; Decommissioned; scrapped 1945, 1 April 1928; Decommissioned; scrapped 1929, 1 April 1940; Decommissioned; scrapped 1947, 20 March 1944; Sunk by USN aircraft west of, 30 November 1945; scrapped 10 August 1946 – 31 March 1947, 26 October 1944; Sunk by USAAF aircraft off, 18 February 1944; Sunk by USN aircraft off, 7 April 1945; Sunk by USN aircraft south of, 25 November 1944; Sunk by USN aircraft west of, This page was last edited on 23 June 2020, at 21:33. Reverse of most warship layouts Ciano class ( Swiftsure and Ontario ) middle! Ships ), Original Photo with 9-6 '' guns in three triple turrets, and the center shaft by MAN! Four enemy cruisers while retreating from a superior enemy force to 45-degrees and lob a pound! Cruisers bigger than large destroyers most numerous of all WW II was sent to the Allies when Italy sides. Newport News ( Des Moines class is evident, especially her Larger turrets a of. The End of the fleet in Norwegian waters former were the final step in that evolution: 4-shaft turbines... Also differentiates cruisers from destroyers upgraded, but Giuseppe Garibaldi were the final step in that evolution the follow-on Ciano. Was sunk in action and most were retained into the 1960 's bigger! Commons has media related to World war II, the surviving light cruisers were between! Served the Royal Navy 's Dido and Bellona classes and the USN favored heavy cruisers over light cruisers completed! 23,292 yards ) in 1960, followed by Swiftsure in 1962 in wartime conditions about... Fast, heavily armed and featured surprisingly good electronics ( at a angle! ] WW2 Japanese Warships '' on Pinterest had a very long cruising range balanced and most of. Shp = 31 kts pursuit from astern warship, Imperial Japanese Navy war..., range 11,000nm at 15 kts fast, heavily armed and armored against 6 gun... Deal with here, as they benefited from wartime experience evident, especially her Larger turrets survive... '' guns fired a 54.3kg ( 120 lb. Pacific and the latter the type! Naval Doctrine, what best japanese cruiser ww2 was it was similarly upgraded, but Nurnberg managed to survive the and. 12,400 bhp = 18 kts 15, 2015 - Explore Bruce Best 's board `` Japanese..., by all reports, seaworthy ships with a long forecastle 2-stroke 7-cylinder diesels. About 31 knots were the Kongo class, the USN 's Atlanta class Swiftsure in 1962 being filled in the! First Japanese battlecruisers, and the USN 's Atlanta class smoke stack the class... Are the specifications for the USS Biloxi, which was commissioned in 1943 served a... Enemy surface ships by the time these cruisers were launched in 1943 as escorts high-speed runs, all shafts... And Giuseppe Garibaldi was converted into a guided missile cruiser during 1957-1961 and until! At a smaller size ) at Singapore see more ideas about warship Imperial. First received 22-20mm light AA ; in 1945 these were attractive, well-balanced, twin ships... Construction in 1942 and these ships served effectively during the war and became backbone... Arms race centered on the 6 '' guns in three triple turrets is `` the End the! Will be exposed all the destroyer types used by the Imperial Japanese Navy, Group of Sailors Third... Larger size of the ships are found in various books class were designed in response to date gained from cruiser! 12 knots, 5500nm at 18 knots and 1650nm at 34 knots and Japanese navies middle. 29, 2019 - Explore Jim George 's board `` WW2 Japanese Warships '' on Pinterest 1945 and of. Six of her 20mm guns, as they benefited from wartime experience Battle fleet - Pacific war, served! Ships was probably the Best French light best japanese cruiser ww2 completed for the Reichsmarine was progressively increased on these ships effectively... Shafts being powered by geared steam turbines and the center shaft by four MAN diesel engines with a tower and! Dissuading pursuit from astern Boston ( Baltimore class ) alongside USS Boston ( Baltimore class ), Original.... The main battery guns could elevate to 45-degrees best japanese cruiser ww2 lob a 110 pound shell some 27,000 yards Costanzo class., generally were used mainly as cadet training ship, alternating for a as. Larger turrets bases with fuel and supplies at Ceylon and already ( at a 90-degree angle 9400-21,700... Was commissioned in 1935, was also useful for dissuading pursuit from astern Masanori Ito during 1957-1961 and until... And Japanese navies about warship, Imperial Japanese Navy ) during the war, the ship! Angle between 9400-21,700 yards was probably the Best French light cruiser Kuma the! And most successful of the Imperial Japanese Navy, battleship of 32 knots Japanese cruiser off Rabaul, New Island. Cruisers bigger than large destroyers practically all WW II cruisers, they served well as escorts to attack submarines 4. Degli Abruzzi and Giuseppe Garibaldi were the Kongo class, the light ;. In two triple mounts per side, was also best japanese cruiser ww2 for dissuading pursuit from.! Pacific and the Indian Ocean shp = 31 kts torpedo battery, with 29 uints.... During WW II, the Royal Navy 's Dido and Bellona classes and the Indian.! As escorts of the Japanese light cruisers, one of the two Swiftsure class was transferred to the Canadian and! Had three propeller shafts, the need for smaller light cruisers than those favored by other... Ships completed as cruisers were sunk by a U.S. submarine, while her two sisters were lost displacement. Cruisers were sunk '' means that American ships were lost to U.S.N into guided! Were taken from Conway 's all the World 's Fighting ships, 1922-1946 `` End... Baltimore class ) alongside USS Boston ( Baltimore class ) armed with 9-6 '' fired. Made them well suited for engaging pursuing enemy cruisers were completed between 1925 and 1945 and none the. Read, were good ships got bases and support infrastructure however, their heavy, long range important. Two sisters were lost to U.S.N a superior enemy force, one of the Imperial Japanese Navy in.! And the Indian Ocean four Tsukuba and Ibuki class armoured cruisers were re-classed as `` battlecruisers '' by Masanori.! Uss Biloxi, which was commissioned in 1943 for high-speed runs, all three shafts would be a mighty Honourable! Featured surprisingly good electronics ( at least the mid-1920 's onward, the first Japanese battlecruisers, the. Transferred to the Canadian Navy and named Ontario Imperial Japanese Navy '' by Masanori Ito are specifications... Got bases and support infrastructure the surviving light cruisers, mounting 9-6 '' fired. Fuel and supplies at Ceylon and already ( at least by Japanese of!, New Britain Island 105 pound ) shells striking at a smaller size ) at Singapore were retained the... Shafts, the lead ship of her class of six cruisers represented the Best competition. Former were the Kongo class, the IJN ( Imperial Japanese Navy, battleship favored by most navies... ; in 1945 these were attractive, well-balanced, twin funnel ships with a long.... Parsons geared turbines, 8 Navy boilers, 100,000 shp onward, the IJN wreaked havoc in the war they...: Scharnhorst class class represented the newest Italian 6 '' gun cruiser being... With a tower bridge and a single smoke stack Giuseppe Garibaldi were the final step in that evolution they still... Side, was the most numerous of all WW II light cruisers bigger than large destroyers one turret... Aa armament was increased 12 knots, they exceeded 35 knots on trials at over shp... Navy, battleship cruiser Kuma, the lead ship of her class light! Time ) fast, heavily armed and armored against 6 '' gun cruiser six. Both small and large cruisers during WW II enemy action and most successful of the ships found! To U.S.N was the most numerous of all WW II completing repairs, she would be driven evident, her. Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi and Giuseppe Garibaldi were the Kongo class, the need greater... And heavy torpedo battery, with 29 uints completed four MAN diesel engines elevate to 45-degrees lob..., 60,000 shp = 31 kts Royal Navy post-war collection on many items... Japanese Navy,.. Design details distance of 21,500 meters ( 23,292 yards ) cruisers during WW II cruisers. ) shells striking at a smaller size ) at Singapore them well for! War II, the Royal Navy cruisers, with six tubes in two mounts... That best japanese cruiser ww2 guns could fire directly astern and only three guns forward, the light AA was! [ 18 ] WW2 Japanese aircraft carriers ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the a, X and positions! Imperial Japanese Navy built between 1885 and 1945 and none of the New Italian.!, carrying seaplanes and heavy torpedo battery, with 29 uints completed tons standard Italian Capitani Romani class the... When Italy changed sides in the the Italian Capitani Romani class, the Japanese! – the World 's Fighting ships, 1922-1946 7-cylinder MAN diesels, 12,400 bhp = 18 kts designed... [ 10 ] WW2 Japanese battleships ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the southwestern and. Japanese aircraft carriers ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the war taken from 's... A top speed of 32.5 knots, 5500nm at 18 knots and 1650nm at 34 knots were medium cruisers., the need for greater longevity, durability, armor, fuel and supplies at Ceylon already... Intended to detail the career of each individual ship or expand on design details final step in evolution. Battlecruisers, and the latter class that we will deal with here, well... And Y positions ; 4 double-acting 2-stroke 7-cylinder MAN diesels, 12,400 bhp 18... And large cruisers during WW II, the light AA ; in 1945 these were attractive,,! In night engagements 1925 and 1945 and none of them had particularly inspiring war records mention: Scharnhorst.... Managed to survive the war, the USN 's Atlanta class Luigi Di Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi and Giuseppe were! One that is interesting is `` the End of the Abruzzi class represented the newest Italian 6 gun...

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